The Capitoline Museums are one of the main museums of Rome, located on the top of Capitoline Hill.
The creation of this group of art and archeological museums has been traced back to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV donated a group of bronze statues of great symbolic value to the People of Rome. Piazza del Campidoglio’s current appearance dates back to the middle of the XV century when it was designed by Michelangelo Buonarroti.
The piazza’s component parts (buildings, sculptures and decorated paving) were intended by Michelangelo to form one single organic unity, although over the centuries there have been a number of alterations and additions. the collections are closely linked to the city of Rome, and most of the exhibits come from the city itself.
The Capitoline Hill is the smallest hill in Rome and was originally made up of two parts (the Capitolium and the Arx) separated by a deep valley which corresponds to where Piazza del Campidoglio now stands about 8 metres above the original site. The sides of this hill were very steep and on account of the difficulty of reaching the top and the dominating position it enjoyed over the River Tiber, it was chosen as the city’s main stronghold. The main buildings faced the Ancient Roman Forum, from which a road known as the Clivus Capitolinus led up the hill to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the most important and imposing temple in Rome. In addition to this temple and those dedicated to Juno Moneta, Veiovis and in the Area Capitolina, the Capitoline Hill was the headquarters of the Public Roman Archive (Tabularium) and, in Republican Age, of the Mint. Many ancient ruins can be seen along the Museums’ exposition routes while others can be viewed in the open air on the hill where they still stand.
Piazza del Campidoglio 1 – 00186 Rome
Tuesday-Sunday 9 am – 8 pm; 24th e 31st December 9 am – 2 pm
Monday, 25th December, 1st January, 1st May
More info: http://en.museicapitolini.org/